Take the long view re: Belgium.
The Kaiser chose the short road to Paris in 1914, in another of the Franco-Prussian wars, ignoring Belgium’s neutrality. This led directly to the entry of the British into WW1, which led to America’s foolish entry, as well.
WW1 begat the fall of the Ottoman Empire, the British and French partitioning of the Middle East and South Asia, the rise of the USSR, Weimar, NAZIs, WW2, PRC, DPRK, Korean War, Vietnam, Cold War, Modern Islamist terror, Kuwait, 9-11, the Intifadas, Afghanistan, Iraq, Hamas, PLO, Syria, ISIS…. and now, the bloodiest century in history later… back to Brussels.
Is Belgium a “failed state“?
It has been… for a century.